It has never been a campaign promise and even less a priority carried by the majority. However, since 2017, the ban on the plurality of mandates for parliamentarians has regularly stirred the debate on the weakening of legislative power.
Friday, November 26, a bill brought by the UDI group brings the subject back to the National Assembly, after the vote by the Socialist majority, in 2014, of the prohibition of the cumulation of the mandate of parliamentarian with a local executive function ( mayor or deputy, president or vice-president of department or region).
The Senate, with a right-wing and center majority, had adopted, at first reading on October 12, this centrist bill which aims to restore the right to combine the mandates of parliamentarians for the functions of mayor and deputy, in particular in municipalities with less than 10,000 inhabitants (ie 97% of French municipalities), with a capped accumulation of allowances.
In the presidential majority, the positions are far from being fixed. Even if the deputies of La République en Marche (LRM), MoDem and Agir will not vote on the bill, already rejected in committee on November 17, some recognize that it has the merit of questioning the status of l ‘elected and plead to debate it in a more comprehensive institutional reform, during a possible second term of Emmanuel Macron.
» To have your feet on the ground «
Although the law still allows deputies to be municipal, departmental or regional councilors, many express their difficulties in being integrated into the political ecosystems of their constituency. “The lack of information on the part of the administration and local elected officials penalizes a certain number of deputies at the local level, underlines the deputy (LRM) of Gers, Jean-René Cazeneuve. The function of deputy is no longer sufficiently known in the territories. «
Not insensitive to the centrists’ proposal, the Prime Minister, Jean Castex, declared, on the sidelines of a trip to his town of Prades, at the end of October, that this measure was » common sense « . “We can see that mayor of a large city, president of a department, these are functions in their own right. But when it comes to municipalities of modest size, I think it would be very useful for the exercise of national mandates to have their feet on the ground, this permanent contact with reality ”, he said.
The President of the National Assembly, Richard Ferrand, is also of this opinion. « We did not think enough about the scope of what we had decided and the induced effects on our democratic life », underlines the former socialist deputy about the law of 2014, considering that« Being deputy or vice-president of a community is not necessarily contradictory with the mandate of elected ».
After its successive failures in local elections, the majority are still looking for concrete solutions to remedy their lack of presence. Hence this temptation towards a return, even partial, to the accumulation of mandates for deputies and senators. Soon five years after the entry into force of the law, the parliamentary evaluation – not yet launched – on its real impact on the balance of institutions could constitute the beginning of a response.