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Back on the implosion of the government of Magdalena Andersson, ephemeral Prime Minister of Sweden

It must have been a historic day in Sweden. And she was. At 10:30 a.m., Wednesday, November 24, Social Democratic leader Magdalena Andersson, finance minister since 2014, became the first woman to be elected prime minister. Seven hours later, at 5.30 p.m., she announced her withdrawal, following the Greens’ decision to leave the government coalition, following the adoption by the deputies of the finance bill presented by the opposition.

Her term will therefore go down in history as the shortest in the country’s history, even though 54-year-old Magdalena Andersson did not have time to formally take office. Stefan Löfven, in office since 2014, therefore remains the current Prime Minister, until a new vote is organized in Parliament in the coming days. Mme Andersson has made it known that she is ready to lead a minority government made up of the Social Democratic Party alone.

For several days, the prospect of what the local media had dubbed « Super Wednesday » had been stomping observers of Swedish political life. It must be said that the agenda was particularly busy, with the election of the new head of government and the vote on the budget, less than a year from the next legislative elections scheduled for September 2022, in a disrupted political landscape, more unpredictable than ever. .

Defection of the centrists on the budget

In Sweden, a candidate for prime minister is elected if the majority of MPs do not oppose it. On Wednesday, 174 out of 349 voted against Mme Andersson, or half a voice. Only the Social Democratic and Green MPs, as well as an independent MP, pressed the green button. The centrists and the Left Party voted yellow – the equivalent of the white vote.

It had taken Magdalena Andersson three weeks to convince the two teams not to press the red button. On November 10, an agreement was reached with the centrist party, which demanded changes to the law on the protection of the coastline and the forest preservation policy. Negotiations with the Left Party continued until Tuesday evening and resulted in a promise to increase the pensions of the 700,000 poorest retirees.

But twist on Wednesday morning: just before the election of Magdalena Andersson, the leader of the centrists, Annie Lööf, announced that her party would not vote, a few hours later, the budget bill presented by the government , judged too much  » to the left « . At the end of the afternoon, it is therefore the proposal prepared by the conservatives, the Christian Democrats and the extreme right which was adopted by the deputies.

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